What Are The Common Sign And Symptoms Of A Brain Tumour?

15/05/2021

What Are The Common Sign And Symptoms Of A Brain Tumour?

A brain tumour happen when normal cells in brain change abnormal cells that grow out of control in your brain. Some brain tumours are benign, which means the cells aren’t cancerous. Others are malignant, meaning they are cancerous.

The occurrence of brain tumours in India is steadily rising. More and more cases of brain tumours are reported each year in our country among people of varied age groups. In 2018, brain tumours were ranked as the 10th most common kind of tumour among Indians.

Brain tumours are called primary tumours when they start in the brain and are considered secondary if they develop somewhere else in the body and spread to your brain.

How fast a brain tumour develops can vary greatly. The growth rate, as well as the area of a brain tumour, determines how it will affect the working of your neurotic system. Some types grows very slowly, while others grow much faster. Brain tumour treatment options depend on the kind of brain tumour you have, as well as its size and location.

Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of a brain tumour vary considerably and depend on the brain tumour's size, area and rate of growth.

General symptoms and signs caused by brain tumours may include the following:

  • New origin or change in the pattern of headaches
  • Headaches that slowly become more prevalent and more severe
  • Unexplained nausea or vomiting
  • Vision difficulties, such as blurred vision, double vision or impairment of peripheral vision
  • Gradual loss of feeling or movement in a leg or an arm
  • Difficulty with balance
  • Speech difficulties
  • Confusion in everyday matters
  • Personality or behaviour changes
  • Seizures, particularly in someone who does not have history of seizures in the past.
  • Hearing problems

Causes

Are you wondering what causes brain tumours? Research is being done to discover the exact cause of brain tumours. However, brain tumour causes are not yet precisely known.

Tumours are induced by uncontrolled cellular multiplication. This is caused by a change or variation in our DNA. Genes that control cell division and make cells die at the correct time are affected by this mutation, and this makes the cells grow uncontrollably, resulting in brain tumours.

Several risk agents can increase your possibility of contracting a brain tumour. These include:

  • Radiation: Radiation exposure can be from ionizing radiation from radiation treatment, X-rays and CT scans. It can also be from power lines,thermonuclear plants, mobile phones, and cell phone towers.
  • Obesity: Being overweight or fat raises your risk of developing several kinds of brain tumours.,/li>
  • Family History: Although it is rare, some types of brain tumours can be genetically acquired. If a lot of family members have had brain tumours, your risk of contracting the same increases.
  • Past Cancers: People who have had tumours like leukaemia as a child have a bigger risk of developing brain tumours as an adult. Adults who have had cancers also may have a risk of getting brain tumours, but further study is needed to validate this finding.
  • Age and Race: The risk of getting brain tumours becomes more prominent as your age increases.
  • Imaging: Imaging tests CT (or) MRI Scans of brain can detect brain cancer.

Treatments: Includes

    1. Surgery: To remove as much of the cancer as possible. Biopsy of brain tissue can identify the types of cancer.
    2. Radiation therapy:Radiation kills cancer cells.
    3. Chemotherapy:Can kill cancer cells or stop them from growing
Dr Praveen Changala
Consultant – Neuro Physician

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